Here is the 1935 Eighth Grade Examination given in Nebraska.

A few things of note for the arithmetic portion.

Of the 10 questions:

- 9 of the questions involve
**fractions, decimals, or percents**. - 6 of the questions involve
**percents**. Percents have always been, and continue to be, very important in our world and in mathematics. - 2 of the questions (20% of the 10 items) are on
*percent change*. - The one question that is
*not*involving fractions, decimals, or percents involves finding area (and using units). - 8 of the questions involve
**units**(and are applied/real-world problems).

The more things change the more they stay the same. Fractions, decimals, or percents are used pervasively in our society, are a challenge for students, and success with them is a good indicator of mathematical understanding.